Did This Book Cause The Holocaust?

In 1905 a Russian government official called Sergei Nilus published a book It was supposedly based on the transcripts of 24 secret meetings held by the very first Zionist Congress

In ‘The Protocols of the Elders of Zion’, Nilus claimed that the minutes from these meetings exposed early Jewish plans for world domination These documents have been – and are still – used as evidence of a secret Jewish plot, frequently cited in anti-Semitic media The problem is that this text is the product of malicious fabrication As the most influential anti-Semitic book from the past century, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is responsible for the deaths of millions of people TITLE The Protocols of the Elders of Zion SECTION 1 The first extracts of ‘The Protocols’ can be traced back to a Russian newspaper in 1903

In the Znamya paper, these excerpts were portrayed as evidence of a Zionist and Freemason plan to control world governments The alleged scheme was to gradually manipulate the economy, control the media, and create religious conflict, in order to fracture society – which would make it easier to form a Jewish hegemony This plan was supposedly conceived in Switzerland in 1897 by Zionist leader Theodor Herzl and 200 Jewish delegates In 1920 the English version of The Protocols was published under the title “The Jewish Peril” One year later, the London Times newspaper ran an exposé claiming that the Protocols was nothing more than ‘clumsy plagiarism’

The Times revealed that The Protocols had lifted entire extracts from Maurice Joly’s 1864 satirical book, Dialogue in Hell, and perverted these passages into Jewish statements of intent The Protocols has even been discredited in court In the Berne Trial in Switzerland between 1933 and 1935, Swiss Jewish groups sued the Swiss Nazi party for spreading the Protocols, alongside other anti-Semitic propaganda After two years of extensive testimony, the court officially declared the Protocols as a forgery Yet despite all this, the publication is still distributed around the world

It remains popular in the Middle East, where at least 50 books published between 1965 and 1967 were based on the writings The Protocols has also seen great success in Japan, becoming a bestseller, and in Latin America it has been published in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Columbia and Paraguay Section 2 There are conflicting studies relating to who actually created the document Historian Lenni Brenner claims that its author, Nilus, was in fact a Russian government official who was trying to support the Tsarist regime While another historian, Neil MacMaster, believes that “proto-fascist” members of the Tsar’s secret police were responsible

In the early part of the 20th century in Russia, the communist movement was growing Fascists wrongly assumed that many of the communist Bolsheviks were Jewish, and in an attempt to try and discredit the movement, the Protocols of the Elders of Zion was produced Professor Robert Wistrich states that, during the Russian Civil war, counterrevolutionaries massacred at least 60,000 Jewish people, and used The Protocols to continue pogroms against Jewish minorities After the October Revolution of 1917, traditionalists left Russia and the protocols continued to gain popularity The widespread loss of life from World War One, and conservative fears of future uprisings, spread the false protocols across Europe

Section 3 The Protocols were a major part of the Nazis’ propaganda machine during the Third Reich Adolf Hitler refers to them throughout his speeches, and in his autobiography The Nazis published The Protocols 23 times, and the text was even taught in schools to indoctrinate students with anti-Semitic thoughts Around 6 million Jewish people lost their lives as a result of Nazi Germany and the holocaust But that hasn’t stopped the text being distributed today

In 1920, Henry Ford paid for 500,000 copies of The Protocols to be published in America An Indian version of the Protocols was also published in 1974 called the International Conspiracy Against Indians And as recently as 2005, the Syrian Ministry of Information published an edition of the Protocols, even claiming that the Elders of Zion were behind 9/11 The Protocols are still in circulation in the Middle East Researcher Michael Reynolds states that there have now been more Arabic translations of the Protocols than German ones

Wtiting for Covenant and Controversy, Reynolds believes that the current increase in Islamist extremism could be more virulent and enduring than that of Nazism during World War Two 75% of Muslims in the Middle East and North Africa hold anti-Semitic views This one fake document has not only resulted in the loss of millions of lives, but remains a reason why 109 billion people still harbor anti-Semitic attitudes across the world today

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