The Sharm El Sheikh resort sits on the coastof the Red Sea at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, in Egypt.
Over five daysin December 2010, five tourists were attacked by oceanic whitetip sharks.
One woman losther right hand and left leg; another’s spine was bitten; a man needed his leg partly amputated.
The fifth victim was killed.
Sharks do not come near Sharm El Sheikh inthe winter.
They are rarely seen in the summer months.
They very rarely attack humans.
Inthe last 430 years, there have been only nine recorded attacks by oceanic whitetip sharks.
Whitetips do not come so close to shore.
Egypt’s Tourism Minister said, “This isunnatural… We have no explanation.
” Captain Mustafa Ismail agrees the sharks wereacting unnaturally – because they were controlled by Egypt’s enemy… Israel.
Does Israel Have MInd-Controlled Sharks?Sources: The Telegraph, Discover Magazine, BBC, The Guardian, The Atlantic, The New YorkTimes, CNBC, Live Science, National Geographic Egyptian authorities caught two sharks afterthe first attacks: a 2.
25 metre long, 150kg oceanic whitetip, and a 2.
5 metre long, 250kgmako shark.
But experts compared photographs of sharks in the area before the attack tothe captured sharks, and said they were not the culprits.
The final and fatal attack happenedafter this.
Mustafa Ismail says one of the killer sharkswas captured in Eilat, the southernmost tip of Israel.
The shark had a GPS device plantedin its back.
In Ismail’s words, “Why would these sharks travel 4,000km and not have anyaccidents until they entered Sinai waters?” The regional governor, General Mohamed Abdel-FadilShousha, said the theory was not out of the question, and needed investigation.
Egypt and Israel have long had an uncomfortablerelationship.
For twenty years after World War Two, they were essentially at constantwar, with open conflicts in 1948, 1967 and 1973.
Since the 1979 Peace Treaty, they haveofficially been partners.
But it is often described as a “cold peace”, marked bypolitical tensions, suspicion and border incidents.
The past casts a long shadow.
The shark attacks in 2010 had a harsh effecton Egypt’s tourist industry.
The Sharm El Sheikh beaches were closed several times.
When they reopened, western tourists avoided the beaches, threatening local businesses.
Conspiracy theorists believe the attacks were targeted to hurt Egypt’s economy.
Surprisingly, remote controlled sharks arereal.
In 2006, marine biologist Jelle Atema announcedhis project to put sharks under human control.
He explained that neural implants could steerthe sharks by activating specific brain areas involved in sensing prey.
Electrodes in theshark would trick the shark’s nerves into sensing an odor trail in a certain direction.
His work was funded by $600,000 from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and overseenby the Naval Undersea Warfare Center.
Officially, they planned to use the sharks as “stealthspies”, by attaching sensors or cameras to the animals.
Doctor Atema’s shark controlproject concluded in 2010.
It is possible that the USA would share thistechnology with Israel.
The US has provided military aid to Israel for decades – in 2007,it signed a deal to give Israel $30 billion in military aid.
In 2016, the government renewedthe deal to cover the next decade, increasing the amount of aid to $38 billion.
This isat least three times more than it gives to any other country.
Most of that money getsspent on military hardware, like aircraft and missile defence.
Since the aid is providedon condition that the majority of it is spent on contracts with American companies, it isquite possible that Israel would buy the military technology to control sharks.
Israel, however, denies that it was behindthe unusual shark attacks in Sharm El Sheikh.
Instead, regional governor General MohamedAbdel-Fadil Shousha now agrees there were other, exceptional circumstances that triggeredthe attacks.
Biologist George Burgess says the sharks weredrawn to the shore by sheep carcasses that were dumped in the sea just a fortnight beforethe attacks.
The sheep remains were left over from the Islamic festival of Eid al-Adha,and dumping them in the sea is illegal.
Egypt asked an international team of experts toanalyse the attacks, and they suggested the sharks were also attracted by local divingcompanies habitually feeding sharks to draw them in for tourist photos; and human overfishingdepleting the sharks’ natural foodstock.
Furthermore, Doctor Atema’s research intocontrolling sharks was not entirely successful.
By and large, sharks could not be controlledby the neural implants alone; the predators had to be trained too, and only some respondedto training.
Atema used dogfish sharks for his studies, not oceanic whitetips.
The attacks themselves might not be that unusual.
Ocean explorer Jacques Cousteau called oceanic whitetip sharks the most dangerous of sharks.
Although there are fewer than ten recorded attacks on humans, whitetips are actuallyresponsible for more human fatalities than all other shark species combined, since theyare the primary shark that preys on victims of shipwrecks and plane crashes.
There is little evidence that Israel plannedor executed the shark attacks against Egypt in 2010.
There is little rationale for it,too, since Israel and Egypt are not only at peace, but growing slowly closer to each other.
Nevertheless, the science does exist that would enable a government to create remote-controlledsharks – and the technology is a lot closer to achieving that goal than we might assume.
It is likely that human activity drove and drew sharks to the shore, where they preyedon the only food available – us.
The question is, whether these deadly incidents will happenmore often in the years to come, and whether they will be natural or man-made.