The War On Terror | Declassified

On September 11th 2001, a militant Islamist group called Al-Qaeda, attacked the United States of America, killing almost 3000 people These attacks triggered the longest war in U

S history – even longer than Vietnam And with no fixed enemy, this conflict could be indefinite But is the War on Terror a genuine campaign to destroy terrorism, or is it just a military tactic for the West to profit from foreign intervention? And most importantly – will it ever end? This is the War on Terror, Declassified In 2001, President George W

Bush declared that the USA was entering a ‘War on Terror’ This was to destroy all terrorist and government regimes that posed a threat to America and its allies The war’s central aims were to: · Identify, locate, and destroy all terrorists and affiliated organizations · Deny sponsorship and support to terrorist groups · Defend U

S citizens at home, and abroad · And minimise any socio-economic conditions that terrorists could exploit Immediately after 9/11, Congress passed ‘The Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists’ and the ‘USA PATRIOT Act’ – or ‘Providing the Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism’ These laws gave President Bush the authority to target anyone that he thought was connected with the terror attacks America’s first task in this war, was to capture terrorist leader Osama bin Laden, and dismantle terrorist training camps in Afghanistan Osama bin Laden was the founder of the militant Islamist organisation, Al Qaeda, and the mastermind behind 9/11

Bin Laden was able to practice his fundamentalist ideology in Afghanistan, under the protection of the country’s Jihadist government, the Taliban These extremists disliked the West for many reasons, but primarily because of America’s support of Israel, and its military intervention in the Middle East Fundamentalists despise the presence of so-called ‘Infidel troops’ in Islam’s holy land Bin Laden called this ‘a violation of the sanctity of Muslim territory’ In other words, fundamentalists were seeking revenge against Worldwide Americanization – and still are

In October 2001, the Taliban refused Bush’s demands to hand over bin Laden, so America and the United Kingdom invaded Afghanistan ‘Operation Enduring Freedom’ unleashed massive air strikes and armed forces onto the country, in order to destroy the Taliban regime, and seize bin Laden With the help of Afghan allies, the Taliban state was defeated in just five weeks – but this quick start dragged into a fourteen-year war, which killed more than 90,000 people, and destabilized neighbouring countries in the process What’s more, in the middle of all the unrest, America’s most wanted managed to escape to Pakistan In removing the Taliban, America achieved some success in Afghanistan

But some critics believe that this kind of foreign intervention doesn’t address the root cause of terrorism In fact, state-sponsored violence has been linked to an increase in militant behavior, because of the poverty, and political alienation that it causes Take Iraq, for instance In 2002, George Bush announced that Iraq was harboring illegal weapons of mass destruction Iraq was branded as part of the ‘axis of evil’, along with Iran, Libya, and Syria, and Bush said it had to be stopped

But the Iraq War is far more complex than this The invasion was central to America’s plan to implement a new foreign policy strategy in the Middle East, which aimed to replace dictatorships with democracies – and remove the threat of terrorism in the process Iraq’s huge oil reserve was also a central goal in the war In December 2003, the wealthy Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein, was overthrown But in the long run, America’s plan failed

No weapons of mass destruction were ever discovered And the conflict caused a vicious civil war in the country, which has contributed to many of the problems that the Middle East faces today In particular, Iraq’s collapse into chaos fostered the rise of even more jihadi groups, like ISIS, and worsened relations between rival countries Saudi Arabia and Iran Nearly 500,000 people died in Iraq as a result of the fighting between 2003 and 2011 But one perk from America’s anti-terror campaign is that, in 2009, 11 Western oil companies were awarded contracts to extract Iraqi oil

Although it is still a member of the anti-US oil cartel OPEC, the privatisation of Iraq’s oil fields have, in practice, limited the influence America’s oil competitors have there On May 2nd 2011, a team of US Navy seals killed Osama bin Laden at his compound in Islamabad, Pakistan

For many, this marked the end of the War on Terror But conflict still rages in the Middle East, and the US and its NATO allies face a new terror group, Daesh, and its mission to establish a worldwide caliphate"

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