Will Humanity Be Extinct In 100 Years?

We are currently living through a historical period known as the Anthropocene Beginning with industrialisation, this era has seen a rise in pollution and uncontrolled exploitation of the world's resources

Scientist Frank Fenner has claimed that the Anthopocene era has had a greater impact on the world than the ice age or any destructive comet combined He went onto claim that if we continue in this manner, humanity could be extinct by 2110 But Will Humanity be Extinct in 100 Years? The greatest threat to humanity is undeniably Climate Change, with the Earth dangerously overheating, largely thanks to pollution It is accepted that global temperatures can rise by 2 degrees Celsius and the world will be safe But it is predicted that the temperature will really rise by 5 degrees by 2100

As a consequence, we will see melting ice caps, devastating droughts, and the destruction of habitats like the Coral Reef Worryingly the world could be free of ice caps as soon as 2018 In 2014 the UN published a 2,600 page document listing natural disasters that had already occurred due to climate change, including the 2010 Pakistani floods, which affected 20 million, and killed 2,000, people The rapidly growing frequency of natural hazards is particularly concerning While there were 743 reported disasters in the 1970s, this rocketed to 3 and a half thousand between 2001 and 2010

In 2010 alone, 42 million people were affected by these disasters Lethal heat-waves are also increasingly frequent In fact they are occurring five times as often as they would in a world untouched by humans Researchers have suggested that the shocking Indian heatwaves, which killed nearly 2,000 people in just 10 days, may be a predecessor of a catastrophic period of increasing global temperature And as the world grows hotter, food will become scarcer, with wheat and maize crops expected to plummet by 60%

And it's not just the food that's running low One of our biggest dangers is reaching the point of peak-water, the moment in which the demand for this renewable resource begins to outstrip its availability With no alternative to water, not only will millions die of thirst, but the ground will be unable to provide us with crops Currently there are 750 million people world-wide with no access to potable water sources, and 2/3 of the population are expected to be living in water-stressed regions by 2025 In 2015, science writer David Auerbach criticised the G7 summit for not doing enough to tackle the danger we are in

He has claimed that we are far past the point of salvation, as we are now at the point where simply reducing future emissions are not enough In order to save humanity we must develop technology to reverse the fumes already altering our atmosphere, a task the G7 summit has failed to invest sufficiently in This means we are doing virtually nothing to combat the damage that has already been done However, leading scientists have proposed technological advances could also be threatening the survival of humanity Dr Nick Bostrom of the Future of Humanity Institute has compared our attitude to technology as like a dangerous weapon in the hands of a child

He says that of particular concern are advances in nanotechnology Celebrated as a medical miracle, Nano-Particles have the potential to aid cancer cures and allow amputees to regain the sense of touch Currently used in everything from suncream to sports clothing, some nanoparticles have been found to be as toxic as bleach They are so dangerous that in 2010 several Chinese factory workers dealing with these particles developed severe lung damage, with two dying from their effect Known as ""Toxic Gossip"", the particles passed through walls of tissue into the lungs, triggering cell death, causing the respiratory system to break down

Geneticist Sean O'Heigeartaigh points out that while technology in a lab could be deemed perfectly safe, once unleashed into the world it may have foreseen dangerous side affects once released in the real world Thousands of nanotechnology enabled products are currently in circulation across the globe, many of which we are using everyday However with no substantial experience of how they work, we are uncertain about how dangerous these side-effects could truly be, and what other threats they pose Could it be that we've already unleashed the technology that will herald humanity's destruction into the world? As technology progresses and the natural world begins to turn against the species that have done it so much damage, it seems humanity is facing danger from all sides And if we continue to play havoc with the world around us, the children of those born today could be the generation that witnesses humanity's destruction

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